The question of whether God exists, and whether there is a personal Creator of the cosmos, is certainly answered by natural theology, or the arguments and evidence from the origin of the universe, and the design of the universe. This website is titled, Therefore, God Exists so insofar as the question of God is concerned, my answer is, emphatically, yes! In contrast, when I talk about Allah, I am talking about the conception of God so revealed by the Islamic writings, namely, the Qur’an. I am talking about whether the God who had written the Qur’an from eternity, and revealed it to Muhammad, to be his Prophet. This conception of God is known to many as Allah. So then, does Allah exist?
Therefore, when I say that Allah does not exist, as I reason to this conclusion, I am not saying that God does not exist. I am saying that the God so revealed by the Qur’an does not exist. Whether Allah is a demon, I will not address, but instead I will address the question of whether God, so revealed by the Qur’an, properly named Allah, exists. If this conception of God does not exist, then another conception of God may.
Having said that, there are many similarities between the Islamic conception of God and the Christian conception of God. That is how many Muslims will attempt to draw Christians into conversion, by indicating that Muslims do believe in the Old Testament. They will claim to believe the truths that are revealed by the Old Testament, and that this was just God’s revelation prior to the revelation of the Qur’an. As such, as I say, Islam does share many elements of truth with Judeo-Christian belief. The similarity that I will focus on and make my argument upon is this: like Christians, Muslims believe that God is the greatest conceivable being.
Muslims believe that there is no being who is greater than God. My argument, then, is that the God so revealed by the Qur’an, is not the greatest conceivable being.
Mercy and Justice
There is one terrifying truth in Scripture, that all Scripture comes back to and has been the focus of God’s attention since the creation of man. This terrifying truth is the God is good. This is terrifying because while God is good, we are not. Suppose there were a good judge who had guilty criminals before him, and he just pardoned their crimes without exacting justice. He would be thought of as an evil and corrupt judge. God is not a corrupt judge. Thus, God is just and must do justice for wicked sinners.
But a relieving truth that is also found in Scripture is that God has mercy on his people. Muslims do agree with both of these claims, that God is both just and merciful. The problem, though, is that in Islamic theology, these two traits contradict each other. Suppose God has a guilty sinner before him, and pardons the mans’ crimes (has mercy). This God would be like the corrupt judge. But suppose God gave this person punishment (is just). This God would not be merciful. In saying that God is merciful to sinners, he is therefore unjust. In saying that he is just to sinners, he is therefore unmerciful. But he cannot be both, despite that the Qur’an teaches that he is both.
The Bible also teaches that God is both merciful and just. That is because at the cross of Jesus Christ, the mercy and justice of God kissed. When God brought down his wrath upon his Son, he was just, as Christ absorbed the punishment that we deserve for our sin. He was also merciful, because now guilty sinners can be absolved as we take on Christ. With that in mind, the Christian conception of God does not run into the conundrum that the Qur’an does. In Islamic theology, God is either unmerciful, or unjust. But he cannot be both just and merciful. Therefore, the God so revealed by the Qur’an is not the greatest conceivable being. Therefore, the God revealed by the Qur’an does not exist.
Jesus said this: “You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be children of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. If you love only those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that? And if you greet only your own people, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that? Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect.”
Consistently throughout the Qur’an, it is affirmed that Allah does not meet the standard that Jesus outlined. He falls short in this manner and therefore also neglects to be the greatest conceivable being (because it is obviously better to loving than unloving). As Islamic scholar Darood Akbar, in his book The God of Justice writes, “Unqualified divine love for mankind is an idea completely alien to the Qur’an. Nowhere do we find the idea that God loves mankind. God’s love is conditional.” Just take a look at these rather awkward verses.
“God loves not the unbelievers.” (III. 33)
“God loves not the impious and sinners.” (II. 277)
“God loves not evildoers.” (III. 58)
“God loves not the proud.” (IV. 37)
“God loves not transgressors.” (V. 88)
“God loves not the prodigal.” (VI. 142)
“God loves not the treacherous.” (VIII. 59)
“God is an enemy to unbelievers.” (II. 99)
Over and over, the Qur’an affirms that God does not love the sinner. His love is partial, conditional, and must be earned. Only when one expresses love for Allah, will Allah love you. Thus Allah never seems to ascend passed the mark of the tax collector and the Pagans who only greet their own people. Just imagine a father who forced his children to earn their love, rather than loving them by default. Some people have experienced parents such as that. I just cannot persuade myself that this is an adequate display of a being called Most High, for he is not most high. There are men who love their enemies, even when that enemy hates them. In this respect, they are higher than the God of the Qur’an.
Does Allah exist? It seems to me that the God so revealed by the Qur’an is not the greatest conceivable being. Therefore, Allah does not exist.
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